Last edited by Disar
Tuesday, November 3, 2020 | History

4 edition of The Visually Responsive Neuron found in the catalog.

The Visually Responsive Neuron

T. P. Hicks

The Visually Responsive Neuron

From Basic Neurophysiology to Behavior (Progress in Brain Research)

by T. P. Hicks

  • 191 Want to read
  • 20 Currently reading

Published by Elsevier Science Pub Co .
Written in English


Edition Notes

ContributionsT. Ono (Editor)
The Physical Object
Number of Pages487
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL7533869M
ISBN 100444894926
ISBN 109780444894922

  In most vertebrate neurons, action potentials are initiated in the axon initial segment (AIS), a specialized region of the axon containing a high density of voltage-gated sodium and potassium channels. It has recently been proposed that neurons use plasticity of AIS length and/or location to regulate their intrinsic excitability. Here we quantify the impact of neuron Cited by: Neurons adapt their electrophysiological properties to maintain stable levels of electrical excitability when faced with a constantly changing environment. We find that exposing freely swimming Xenopus tadpoles to hr of persistent visual stimulation increases the intrinsic excitability of optic tectal neurons. This increase is correlated with enhanced voltage-gated Cited by: Reviews/Book chapters Sprague, T.C., Saproo, S. and Serences, J.T. (). Attention mitigates information loss in small- and large-scale neural and attentional priority across visually-responsive cortex. Invited Talks Sprague, T.C. (, January). Working memory representations measured with human fMRI degrade with load, but can File Size: KB. The authors are very responsive to regarded questions. NeuTube can be used to reconstruct neurons in 3D fluorescence image data from scratch, or edit standard SWC files produced by any other software. Could you give 5 reasons to choose .

At this juncture, the message is transmitted across a synapse to an appropriate lower motor neuron. An upper motor neuron, whose cell body resides in the brain, also provides input to this synapse. The signal then travels down the lower motor neuron to the target muscle.


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The Visually Responsive Neuron by T. P. Hicks Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Visually Responsive Neuron: From Basic Neurophysiology to Behavior [T. Hicks] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This timely new volume presents broad-based and wide-ranging contributions on all aspects The Visually Responsive Neuron book vision.

The material is grouped for presentation in a logical fashion in five main themes: peripheral processing; sensory. Print book: EnglishView all editions and formats Summary: Presents contributions on all aspects of vision, grouped under five main themes: peripheral processing; sensory integration in superior colliculus; organization of visual projections; development and plasticity; and neuronal encoding and visually-guided behaviour.

Get this from a library. The visually responsive neuron: from basic neurophysiology to behavior. [T Philip Hicks; S Molotchnikoff; Taketoshi Ono;] -- This timely new volume presents broad-based and wide-ranging contributions on all aspects of vision.

The material is grouped for presentation in a logical fashion in five main themes: peripheral. New Perspectives on Early Social-cognitive Development, Volume in the Progress in Brain Research series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on topics such as Dynamics of Coordinated Attention, Investigating the Role of Neural Body Maps in Early Social-Cognitive Development: New Insights from Infant MEG and EEG.

As expected, ROIs in the tectum were broadly responsive, but thalamic responses were specific to dark looming stimuli. This prompted a deeper analysis of The Visually Responsive Neuron book and tectal responses to dark looms alongside three other visually salient stimuli: light looms, dark moving spots, and light moving spots, using ten trials for by:   According to Ungerleider and Mishkin’s scheme, the ventral system, passing from primary visual cortex (V1) to the inferior temporal lobe, is concerned with object identification, while the dorsal system, passing from V1 to the posterior parietal lobe, is charged with object localisation.

Thus, these two essential and complementary aspects of. This chapter discusses the effects of the peptide cholecystokinin (CCK) and its antagonists on visually responsive thalamic neurons in urethane anesthetized rats.

The chapter discusses the experiments in which adult male albino rats are used. The subjects are housed as six per cage and are allowed free access to food and by: 7. During long recording periods, roughly possible combinations of colour and shape were tested to find the stimulus that best activated each visually-responsive neuron.

Complementation of the FuGIMA dataset with tracings from a single-neuron atlas has revealed projection targets of pretectal neurons, i.e., the reticular formation, the tegmentum, the hypothalamus, and the cerebellum.

Based on our findings, we propose a model of processing stages in the optic-flow-responsive pathway. Direction selectivity Cited by: 8. However, visually responsive neurons showed a wide range of consistency, from neurons responding once or twice to those responsive to all ten presentations of the stimulus (Fig.

1d). Given the spatially organized receptive fields of tectal neurons within the retinotectal 43, 44, a spatially consistent ensemble would be expected for a Cited by: 9.

Population of superior colliculus (SC) neurons by modality. Forty-two percent of the neurons responded to stimuli from only 1 sensory modality.

Of these, visually responsive neurons were the most common. Majority (58%) of neurons, however, were multisensory, with visual-auditory neurons being the most common. However, visually responsive neurons showed a wide range of consistency, from neurons responding once or twice to those responsive to all ten presentations of the by: 9.

The visual pathway describes the anatomical pathway by which electrical signals generated by the retina are sent to the brain (Fig. The nerve fibers of the retina, representing the axons of the ganglion cells, collect together at the optic disc before passing out of the eye through the orbital bones and into the brain via the optic nerve.

latencies and saccade reaction times were normalized by sub-in the ANOVA, the neuron was defined as visually responsive. The significance level.

Launcher is incredibly comprehensive and impressively flexible, very attractive and visually stunning, vibrant and colorful, and very neatly developed responsive HTML5 Coming Soon website template.

The launcher is very developer friendly and wonderfully time-saving, featuring conceptually different design layouts and each layout reinterpreted /5(34). The human visual system can detect and discriminate between an incredibly diverse assortment of stimuli that may be chromatic or achromatic, in motion or not, patterned or unpatterned, two-dimensional or three.

Remarkably, the neural end-product of visual stimuli impacting upon the retina is, in one sense, always the same. After the complexities of Cited by: The mirror-neuron system in monkeys is constituted of neurons coding object-directed actions. A first problem for the mirror-neuron theory of language evolution is to explain how this close, object-related system became an open system able to describe actions and objects without directly referring to by: Milner and Goodale's book The Visual Brain in Action discovery of visually-responsive initial unconscious comprehension categories form with the aid of the so-called mirror neuron system.

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Despite centuries of analyses, definitions, explanations and debates by philosophers and scientists, consciousness remains puzzling and controversial, being "at once the most familiar and most mysterious aspect of our lives".

Perhaps the only widely agreed notion about the topic is. A neuron was found in the cortex that fires preferentially to pictures of Halle Barry. Answer the following questions about processing images like that of Halle Barry's face. What type of retinal ganglion cell is likely most responsible for the visual information needed to distinguish Halle Barry from Miley Cyrus: M ganglion cells or P ganglion.

Hoy and his colleagues suspect spiders hear low rumbles, such as a wasp’s drone, much as they do the vibrations of a web: with specialized leg hairs. And their experiments support that idea. They found that making a hair twitch could cause a sound-responsive neuron in.

For both the all responsive neurons and sustained excitatory responsive neurons, the numbers in the first two dorsal layers of the L-Hb are significantly larger than those in the R-Hb. The data are the same with those in (G).

(I) Ratio of visually responsive neurons in the L-Hb and R-Hb of control and bilateral eyes-removed larvae. The display that comes up shows all of the different input patterns (input data) that will be presented to the receiving unit to measure its detection responses. Each row of the display represents a single event that will be presented to the network.

As you can see, the input data this case contains the digits from 0 to 9, represented in a simple font on a 5x7 grid of pixels Filename: File: Open Project in emergent. In animal studies, removal of lateralised visual cortex causes contralesional defects of visually guided behaviour, associated with a hypoactivation of the colliculus Wallace MTThe visually responsive neuron and beyond: Multisensory integration in cat and monkeyProg Brain Res For editorial issues, permissions, book requests Cited by: The visual cortex of the brain is that part of the cerebral cortex which processes visual is located in the occipital nerves run straight from the eye to the primary visual cortex to the visual association cortex.

Visual information coming from the eye goes through the lateral geniculate nucleus in the thalamus and then reaches the visual :   Visual salience (or visual saliency) is the distinct subjective perceptual quality which makes some items in the world stand out from their neighbors and immediately grab our attention.

2 Experiencing visual salience. 3 Neural and computational mechanisms. Simple computational framework. The essence of salience: competing for. Early concepts on efference copy and reafference - Volume 17 Issue 2 - Otto-Joachim Grüsser Early concepts on efference copy and reafference.

Otto-Joachim Grüsser (a1) The visually responsive neuron: From basic neurophysiology to behavior, ed. Hicks, T. P., Molotehnikoff, Cited by:   Emotional stimuli, such as a fear-expressing face, can be processed without being consciously perceived and can influence behaviour.

Tamietto and de Gelder describe the subcortical pathway that Cited by:   At the visual cortex the signals are processed in V1 and communicated via multiple pathways to numerous visually responsive cortical areas.

The visual system comprises a complex network where a cascade of action potentials stream from neuron to neuron forwards, laterally and backwards by: 3. Mechanisms of within- and cross-modality suppression in the superior colliculus.

Neurophysiol. –, The present studies were initiated to explore the basis for the response suppression that occurs in cat superior colliculus (SC) neurons when two spatially disparate stimuli are presented simultaneously or in close temporal Cited by:   Each of the 72 visually responsive neurons (61 from monkey 1, 11 from monkey 2) was tested with the apparatus shown in Fig.2A.

The visual stimulus was silently presented in the dark, then the space near the monkey was illuminated with four “super-bright” light-emitting diodes (LEDs) (total of 20, millicandela), used because of their fast Cited by: Describe at least two examples that were mentioned in the book, and create one novel example of these top-down influences.

A top-down process influences the relationship between letter and word recognition by allowing the viewer to recognize a word in. Visually driven neurons are less frequently encountered in type III grafts. These neurons have larger RFs ( degrees) and react only to light spots after a long delay ( ms).

Fig. Upper row: autocorrelograms of spontaneous neuronal activity. A) In visually responsive grafts (desynchronized regular pattern). Since buying Neuron's Proton theme to use as my graphic design portfolio inI have been consistently impressed.

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Cartilage is the softer of the two "rigid" connective tissues. Cartilage forms the embryonic skeleton of vertebrates and the adult skeleton of sharks and rays. It also occurs in the human body in the. One approach that has been proposed for solving the feature-binding problem is known as feature integration theory (FIT) [].This theory makes the assumption that there is only a single spatial locus of attention within the visual field where features are bound by: 3.

Using a defined zebrafish escape circuit as a model, we found that behavior selection can be implemented at the visuomotor transformation stage through a visually responsive dopaminergic-inhibitory circuit module. to write a book review of Konorski’s theorized organiza- book in Science magazine (Gross, ), Gross et al., () reported the first hand-selective neuron while measuring properties of IT cells.

In this original study, a hand-selective neuron was defined as a cell responding visually responsive in TE) in the second study (Gross. For a range of sensory integration activities and tips that you can use to help children with sensory processing disorder, I really recommend No Longer A Secret (the link takes you to my brief review of the book on my site).

It is full of practical, easy-to .Orchids and Dandelions Abloom – Best of Neuron Culture, # Below find #10 in my Best of Neuron Culture Moving Party here at Wired — the final of. Dr. Roman-Lantzy’s book was published in The visual and behavioral characteristics of CVI include: attraction to light, color preference (often but not always red or yellow), preference of peripheral vision – child may be more visually responsive in one visual field, and visual latency – slowness to respond to a visual target.